On the Political Means

The use of violence to profit was called by Franz Oppenheimer, in The State, the “political means.” In contrast, peaceful trade and other voluntary actions he called “economic means.” The Ruling Class are those whose wealth is obtained via the political means. The “Left,” the “Right,” “liberals,” “conservatives,” “constitutionalists,” “centrists” and more are indistinct classifications as it concerns the obtaining of wealth by the political means. They all employ violence in one form or another against those too weak or too wise to defend themselves. It has always been and will always be: the Ruling Class vs. everyone else. And that’s today’s two cents.


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Founder and editor of Everything-Voluntary.com and UnschoolingDads.com, Skyler is a husband and unschooling father of three beautiful children. His writings include the column series “One Voluntaryist’s Perspective” and “One Improved Unit,” and blog series “Two Cents“. Skyler also wrote the books No Hitting! and Toward a Free Society, and edited the books Everything Voluntary and Unschooling Dads. You can hear Skyler chatting away on his podcasts, Everything Voluntary and Thinking & Doing.