Nobody asked but …

This quote from Philip K. Dick:

Because today we live in a society in which spurious realities are manufactured by the media, by governments, by big corporations, by religious groups, political groups… So I ask, in my writing, What is real? Because unceasingly we are bombarded with pseudo-realities manufactured by very sophisticated people using very sophisticated electronic mechanisms. I do not distrust their motives; I distrust their power. They have a lot of it. And it is an astonishing power: that of creating whole universes, universes of the mind. I ought to know. I do the same thing.

Having read that, and agreed, I began to look for a rule of thumb for recognition of BS.  I came upon RAVEN Analysis.

R – Reputation: you likely have to rely upon factual and/or probable inputs from others, people you have not accompanied 24/7/365.  Elsewise we need to know whom to trust.  How many jamokes have posted on social media things they only believe to be true.

A – Ability to observe: Remember the Walter Kronkite production, You Are There?  If not, there is no way one can see whether happenings are factual or wishful.  A favorite example is second (third, etc) hand accounts — my buddy was a green beret and he said …

V – Vested Interest: Do you know anybody who has no agenda?  I say everyone has an agenda.

E – Expertise: Can you spot expertise?  How would we go about verifying it?

N – Neutrality: Lack of bias cannot be asserted without support.  Study some classic analysis of the types of bias before giving away neutrality.  A useful classification is presented here.

— Kilgore Forelle

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